Why is God “Father”?
We revere God as Father first of all because he is the Creator and cares lovingly for his creatures. Jesus, the Son of God, has taught us, furthermore, to regard his Father as our Father and to address him as “our Father”.
Several pre-Christian religions had the divine title “Father”. Even before Jesus, the Israelites addressed God as their Father (Deut 32:6; Mal 2:10), realizing that he is also like a mother (Is 66:13). In human experience, father and mother stand for origin and authority, for what is protective and supportive. Jesus Christ shows us what God the Father is really like: “He who has seen me has seen the Father” (Jn 14:9). In the parable of the prodigal son, Jesus addresses the most profound human longings for a merciful father.
Who is the “Holy Spirit”?
The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Holy- TRINITY and has the same divine majesty as the Father and the Son. [243- 248, 263-264]
When we discover the reality of God in us, we are dealing with the working of the Holy Spirit. God sent “the Spirit of his Son into our hearts” (Gal 4:6), so that he might fill us completely. In the Holy Spirit a Christian finds profound joy, inner peace, and freedom. “For you did you receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the spirit of sonship [in whom] we cry, ‘Abba! Father!’ “ (Rom 8:15b). In the Holy Spirit, whom we receive in Baptism and – CONFIRMATION we are permitted to call God “Father”.
Is Jesus God? Does he belong to the Trinity?
Jesus of Nazareth is the Son, the second divine person mentioned when we pray, “In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit”
(Mt 28:19). [243-260]
Jesus was either an imposter who made himself Lord of the SABBATH and allowed himself to be addressed with the divine title “Lord”- or else he was really God. The Scandal came when he forgave sins. In the eyes of his contemporaries, that was a crime deserving death. Through signs and miracles, but especially through the Resurrection, his disciples recognized who Jesus is and worshipped him as Lord. That is the faith of the – CHURCH