Is the world a product of Chance?

No. God, not Chance, is the cause of the world. Neither in its origin nor with respect to its intrinsic order and purposefulness is it the product of factors working “aimlessly”. [295-301, 317-318, 320]

Christians believe that they can read God’s handwriting in his creation. To scientists who talk about the whole world as a random, meaningless, and aimless process, Pope John Paul II pointed out in reply in 1985, “ Given a universe in which there is such a sophisticated organization of its elements and such a beautiful purposefulness in its life, talking about chance would be equivalent to giving up the search for an explanation of the world as it appears to us. In fact, it would be tantamount to accepting effects without a cause. It would be an abdication of human reason, which in this way would be refusing to think and to search for a solution to problems.”

Can someone accept the theory of evolution and still believe in the creator?

Yes. Although it is a different kind of knowledge, faith is open to the findings and hypotheses of the sciences. [282-289]

Theology has no scientific competence, and natural science has no theological competence. Natural science cannot dogmatically rule out the possibility that there is purposeful process in creation; conversely, faith cannot define specifically how these processes take place in the course of nature’s development. A Christian can accept the theory of evolution as a helpful explanatory model, provided he does not fall into the heresy of evolutionism, which views man as the random product of biological processes. EVOLUTION presupposes the existence of something that can develop. The theory says nothing about where this “something” came from. Furthermore, questions about the being, essence, dignity, mission, meaning, and wherefore of the world and man cannot be answered in biological terms. Just as “evolutionism” oversteps a boundary on the one side, so does CREATIONISM on the other. Creationists naively take biblical data literally (for example, to calculate the earth’s age, they cite the six days of work in Genesis 1).

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